UNPAID LABOR and The Constitution of the United States of America
The Unpaid Labor System was in place in America for 169 years before the United States became a country. All of the original thirteen American states benefited from the Unpaid Labor System. In 1776, the Unpaid Labor System was the foundation of the South's economy and a very important part of the nation’s economy. But the Northern states were becoming less dependent on the Unpaid Labor System. They began to see it as a threat to paid labor. Compromise would be necessary to unite the 13 colonies.
The Unpaid Labor System was very large. The System was very important. The Southern colonies would not agree to become part of a new country unless the Unpaid Labor system was legalized by the United States Constitution. The rules that the people that started the United States wrote to say how Americans would live together are called the Constitution.
The following compromises protected the Unpaid Labor System and made it legal:
Compromise #1: Article I, Section 2 Gave power in the Congress to states based upon the number Unpaid Laborers in their state.
Compromise #2: Article I, Section 9 Allowed people to be brought from Africa and sold in the U.S. for 20 years after the Constitution was signed.
Compromise #3: Article IV, Section 2 Gave people that owned Unpaid Laborers the right to get them back if they escaped to another state.